"..Meroe was a great city and metropolis, a city of higher civilization. It buildings were of red brick. The ancient Kingdom of Meroe was upper Nubia and was divided into agricultural and grazing lands". "...Thus, civilization flourished in Africa thousands of years ago. Africans were politically free and economically independent.
Their social patterns were their own and their cultures truly indigenous". (H.I.M Emperor Haile Selassie)
Later the Kingdom of Meroe was transferred into Egypt, and the glory of the African nation continued until the time of Psammeticcus of Libyan origin (600 B.C), who opened the door to foreigners, especially to the Greeks and Persians.
Then Egypt became a victim of Persian conquerors. In 322 B.C Alexander the Great visited the country; only to end the African glory.
The Liberation of the Church
The essence of the development of the Ethiopian church is always to be found in its history. As can be seen from the following simplified account, it was a signal for the beginning of the main task to be accomplished in the future.
Establishment of the Ethiopian Patriarchate
The church being free shows with great evidence that the major problems of society are being solved and the needs and hopes of a large number of people are being realized.
From the beginning the Ethiopian church was affiliated with the See of Saint Mark of Alexandria. After Abba Selama (Father of Peace / Frumentius) first bishop of Ethiopia, died, Egyptian bishops from Alexandria were appointed to head the Ethiopian church.
Origins of Civilization
Who was the Cushite? According to the Bible(Genesis 5:32, 10:1-32), "...Noah had three sons, Ham, Shem and Japheth.
The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan. The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Ra-amah, Sheba and Nimrod. Cush begat Nimrod who began to be a mighty one in the earth.
He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; wherefore it is said, even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord." This Hamitic Dynasty had its beginning about 2635 B.C. The Direct Line of the Hamitic Dynasty lasted 650 years and 25 Kings are said to have reigned in succession during that period. So where was the origin of civilization?
Historians found it impossible to locate the original seat of the Cushite Kingdom. Some say it was Africa some say it was Upper Nile and some say it was Asia. The Bible says “…. the beginning of the Kingdom of Nimrod the son of Cush was in Babel (*Babylon – modern day Iraq) and Erech and Accad and Calneh in the land of Shinar”. Ethiopian tradition has recorded that the Cushite Empire was established in the valley of the Nile. Meroe and Thebes are called ancient Ethiopian cities.
According to the Ancient Ethiopian Tradition, these cities were conquered by Aksumewi, the son of Ethiopia and Great-grandson of Noah, whose Kingdom was at Aksum. The exact date of this is not clear. Rawlinson’s Ancient Monarchies Vol.1 page 9, states that “…Mizraim and Nimrod both descendants of Ham led the way and acted as pioneers of mankind in various fields of art, science and literature, --- Alphabetical writings, Astronomy, History, Chronology, Architecture, Navigation, Agriculture and Textile industries seem to have had their origin in one of these countries (Egypt-Mizraim/Babylon-Nimrod).” Bunsen in his Philosophy of Ancient History page 59, states “…Hamitic Family must be given the credit for being the fountain-head of civilization. This family compromised the ancient Ethiopians, The Egyptians, The Original Canaanites and the Old Chaldeans.”
It was said that Mizraim peopled Egypt and Canaan, the land that was later possessed by the Hebrews. Phut extended his colonies over a wide domain, Southern Asia, southern-eastern coasts of Arabia and South Africa were colonies of the Cushite Empire. Persia, Jusiana, Media, Aria and the whole territory between the Indus and Tigris was under the Cushite Kingdom. In Africa, the Ethiopians, the Egyptians, the Libyans, the Canaanites and Phoenicians were all descendants of Ham the Black Man. They were the pioneers of today’s civilization and culture. (Mandefro, p.6)
The Kingdom of Ethiopia as a whole may be divided into three distinct periods the Adamic, known as prehistoric Ethiopia, the Cushite Kingdom, ruled from Aksum and the Solomonic Dynasty which began in the Time of Queen Makeda of Tigre 1000 B.C (Queen of Sheba). The Ancient Ethiopian Chronologies say Aram os Ori the 35th son of Adam ascended the throne of Ethiopia in the year of the world 970 which is 4470 B.C and that twenty-one Kings had ascended the throne before the Flood. There is another more accurate record of the long list of Kings according to Ethiopian Historians, that was probably more accurate than the Ancient Ethiopian Chronicles but it was carried to Egypt when the Ethiopian Kings ruled that country and was destroyed when their power was overthrown.
The Ethiopians were the founders of the Egyptian Kingdom and were the most powerful people of the Ancient World. Braughton’s History Of Ancient People states that “…According to progressive theory the earth may have been first peopled by men black in colour, if so, the Blacks reached their climax in Ancient times, however, how much Egypt, India and Southern Europe owe to them may never be known.”
Further he states, “…Of the fifteen thousand years of the world existence nine thousand were spent under Black Domination.” The Adamic Dynasty lasted until the Flood and was succeeded by the Hamitic Period or the Cushite Kingdom.
The first community The Emperor visited after being greeted at the Piarco International Airport by Prime Minister Eric Williams, was the Borough of Arima....
King of Kings Visitation 1966
The Ethiopian church in Jerusalem was one of the first established Christian churches there. Soon after the resurrection of our Lord Eyesus Kristos, Ethiopians began streaming to the Holy Land,
Jerusalem The Holy Sepulchre
Throughout its history in Jamaica, the Church suffered greatly because it came to the Rastafarian faithful whose desire is to motivate their lives through the church.